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RPG-18 "Mukha" (Russia (USSR))
Back | Weapons > Russia (USSR) > Machine guns > Previous - Next
 RPG-18 "Mukha"

RPG-18 rocket-propelled grenade; top, launcher in ready to fire position, bottom - launcher in collapsed position, cut-out to show the grenade inside

Caliber :   64mm PG-18 HEAT
Action : Rocket
Length : 1050 mm
Length folded : 705 mm
Weight unloaded : 1400 gramms
: 2600 gramms
Effective range : 200 meters
  Download Users Manual Download  RPG-18 "Mukha" Users Manual

The RPG-18 (Rocket Propelled Grenade in Soviet / Russian nomenclature, as it was considered as a single round of ammunition [grenade] rather than a weapon [grenade launcher]) was adopted by Soviet army in 1972. Most probably, its development was inspired by US-made M72 LAW disposable anti-tank weapons, which saw significant use during Vietnam war. Indeed, the eRPG-18 bears more than passing resemblance to the M72 LAW in its design and appearance. The RPG-18 was produced for Soviet (and later Russian) army up until early 1990s, and is now obsolete.

The RPG-18 is a disposable, single shot rocket launcher pre-loaded with fin-stabilized rocket. The smoothbore barrel / container is made from two parts, aluminum inner tube and fiberglass outer tube. The inner tube is telescoped into the outer tube in storage / transport position, and is pulled out and to the rear prior to firing. The rocket is contained in the inner tube, and its solid-fuel motor burns out completely within the barrel. Because the barrel is open at the rear to avoid recoil, there is a dangerous backblast area behind the firing weapon, at least 15 meters (45 ft) long. In transport/storage mode both ends of the barrel are closed by the front and rear covers, which are opened automatic ally when inner tube is pulled out. This movement (opening of the launcher tube) also automatically extends the folding open sights. Firing mechanism is cocked manually by rotating the rear sight rear and then releasing it, so it springs back to vertical position. Once cocked, the firing mechanism cannot be set to safety, and the cocked grenade should be discharged into the safe direction if there's no target. The rocket is fin-stabilized (with four switch-blade like fins at the rear), and its solid-propellant motor burns out completely while rocket is still in the barrel, accelerating it to about 114 m/s. The shaped charge (HEAT) warhead is loaded with 312 gram of explosive charge, resulting in armor penetration of up to 300 mm (1 feet) of homogenous steel armor.

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